COVID-19 Tracker

Get an overview of pandemic related restrictions impacting Shopping Places in European markets

Last update: 23 April 2021

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EU

Last updated on 23/04/2021

Shop owners & tenants

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Restaurants

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Culture

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On 28 January 2021, the Commission announced to extend the Temporary Framework for State Aid until 31 December 2021. Given the persisting economic uncertainty, the Commission also decided to increase the aid ceilings.

This Temporary Framework provides for different types of state aid:

  • Direct grants (or tax advantages) of up to €1.8 million (previously €800,000) per company
  • Member States will be able to convert repayable instruments (guarantees, loans, repayable advances) granted under the Temporary Framework into other forms of aid, such as direct grants.
  • Subsidised State guarantees on bank loans
  • Public and private loans with subsidised interest rates
  • Additional flexibility to enable short-term export credit insurance to be provided by the State where needed.

For companies especially hit by the coronavirus crisis (recording turnover losses of at least 30% during the eligible period compared to the same period of 2019), the State can contribute to the part of the fixed costs of companies that are not covered by their revenues, in an amount up to €10 million per company (previously €3 million).

More information here: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_26

On 17 March, the European Commission revealed its plans for a COVID-19 certification scheme, proposing a ‘Digital Green Certificate’. In hopes to stimulate travel and return to free movement within the EU, the framework looks to include information on the vaccination status of an individual against COVID-19. As a next step, the proposal is now going to the European Parliament and the Council. The Commission aims for the Certificate to be in place by mid-June, in time for the European summer holiday season.

On 19 April, the European Commission adopted revised EU guidelines on regional State aid, setting out the rules under which Member States can grant State aid to companies to support the economic development of disadvantaged areas in the EU, while ensuring a level playing field between Member States. The revised Guidelines will enter into force on 1 January 2022.

More information here: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_1825 

Austria

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks are mandatory in indoor public areas. FFP2 masks are required in public transport and shops.
  • Curfew: Stay at home order from 20:00 to 06:00, exceptions for work, food-shopping, immediate danger, important family matters, exercise. Additional restrictions vary by region.
  • Services: Personal service providers like hairdressers may open or have to stay closed depending on the region. Customers are required to show a negative PCR or antigen test that is not older than 72 hours or 48 hours respectively. Personal care services (e.g hairdressers, massage salons) are closed in Vienna and Lower Austria until 2 May.
  • Non-essential shops: Non-essential shops may open or have to stay closed depending on the region. Opening hours are between 06.00 and 19.00. One customer per 20 square metres is allowed. Non-essential shops are closed in Vienna and Lower Austria until 2 May.
  • Restaurants: Catering establishments may or may not receive customers depending on the region. Take-away is allowed from 6.00 to 19.00 except for alcoholic beverages. Take-away food/drinks may not be consumed within a 50m radius of the establishment. In the province of Vorarlberg, restaurants may receive customers during the day under strict conditions (guests need a negative test result, limit of 4 people per table).
  • Cultural institutions: Some cultural and leisure facilities may open depending on the region. Museums, libraries, archives, cultural exhibition rooms, zoos, botanical gardens (max. 1 customer/20m²) may open except in the regions of Vienna and Lower Austria. Other cultural and leisure facilities remain closed.

Shop owners & tenants

  • Since 2021, a so-called “Ausfallsbonus” will enable businesses whose turnover dicrease by 40 % or more, to get reimbursed. The reimbursement will amount to 30 % of the discreased turnover.
  • Rental reduction: if leased premises cannot be used or utilized at all due to extraordinary circumstances, the tenant does not have to pay rent for the duration and to the extent to which the premises is unable to be used pursuant to sections 1104 et seq ABGB. (Here there is only a judgement over a hairdresser in first instance)

Restaurants

  • Covered by the “Ausfallbonus”

Culture

  • Covered by the “Ausfallbonus”

Comprehensive help package for companies:

  • Tax payments deferrals or reductions (€10 billion allocated): With a simple form, companies can either ask for a complete deferral of their tax payments or for a reduction. No default interest will be charged for the deferrals.
  • Emergency aid (€4 billion): This finances, among other things, short-time work program and aids to small companies.

Belgium

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks are mandatory in public transport (including at stops and stations), in shops and shopping malls, cinemas, public buildings, etc. It is mandatory to wear a facemask in all outdoor and indoor public spaces in Brussels.
  • Curfew: National curfew from midnight until 5:00 except for essential trips. From 8 May, the curfew will be replaced by a ban on gatherings between midnight and 5.00.
  • Services: From 26.4.2021, Non-medical close-contact professions, including hairdressers and beauticians, will be allowed to reopen subject to tightened protocols.
  • Non-essential shops: Non-essential shops are open. Only individual shopping for a maximum of 30 minutes will be allowed. Capacity in the shops is reduced. Night shops are open until 22:00.
  • Restaurants: Restaurants, bars and cafés are closed. Take away meals are permitted until 22.00. It is forbidden to sell alcoholic beverages after 20.00 and until 5.00. From 8 May, outside terraces of bars and restaurants will reopen.
  • Cultural institutions: Museums can reopen from 1.12.2020 onwards. Theme parks and zoos are closed.

Shop owners & tenants

  • The federal government developed a payment delay and loan guarantee scheme for households and businesses hit by the coronavirus crisis.
  • The Flemish government
    provides a loan to tenants (of commercial leases) of a maximum two months’ rent up to €35,000.
  • The Belgian Cour de Cassation has emphasized the good faith principle in the performance of lease
    agreements. An interest claim or an eviction request of the tenant due to possible delaysbecause of the Coronavirus outbreak will not be successfully granted before the courts.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Companies/organisations can obtain postponement of capital repayments for existing credits for maturities in January, February and March 2021 until 31.03.2021 at the latest. This measure should give companies/organisations the necessary oxygen to meet their (other) financial obligations now that their income is diminishing or has completely disappeared
    In total, the payment deferral granted for a business loan, under the First and Second Charter, may not exceed 9 months.
  • For every employer all temporary unemployment resulting from the outbreak of COVID-19 will still be considered as temporary unemployment due to force majeure from 1.10.2020 to 31.03.2021
  • On the 19.02.21, Commission approved the €149 million Belgian scheme to support uncovered fixed costs of companies (except the financial sector) in Flanders. The public support will take the form of direct grants to companies that have experienced a decline in turnover of at least 60% during the period 1 April to 31 December 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The beneficiaries will receive grants up to a maximum of 10% of their turnover during this period in 2019. For medium and large companies, the aid will be limited to a maximum of 70% of their uncovered fixed costs during the same period in 2020. For micro and small businesses, it will be limited to 90% of the uncovered fixed costs during the same 2020 period. Grants will not exceed €2 million per beneficiary and are subject to a further variable ceiling based on employment and turnover decline of the beneficiary.
  • On the 31.03.21, Commission approved the €200 million Belgian subsidised loans scheme to support economic activity in Wallonia. The public support, which will take the form of subsidised interest rates for senior and subordinated loans, will be open to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and large companies active in all sectors of the economy, except for the financial sector. The aid will be administered by the Société Régionale d’Investissement de Wallonie S.A. The objective of the measure is to mitigate the liquidity shortages that these businesses experienced due to the measures that were implemented in Wallonia due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Bulgaria

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks are mandatory in all indoor public places. Outside, masks should be worn at places with larger gatherings of people (i.e. bus stop, queue at a shop, etc.)
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services: Open at 30% capacity
  • Non-essential shops: Open with restrictions
  • Restaurants: : Visits to catering establishments are allowed between 6:00 and 23:00, using up to 50% of the total capacity.
  • Cultural institutions: Open at 30% capacity 

Shop owners & tenants

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Restaurants

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Culture

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Croatia

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Face masks are required in all public indoor spaces.
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services: Open with restrictions
  • Non-essential shops: Open
  • Restaurants: Shops are open, personal hygiene and disinfection should be maintained. There is a ban on the sale of alcohol between 22.00 and 06.00.
  • Cultural institutions: Cinemas, museums, theatres, professional artistic projections/exhibitions/performances can operate with limited capacity. Establishments should close at 22.00.

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Czech Republic

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: The usage of a facemask is mandatory in public places.
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Non-essential shops: Non-essential shops have been closed since end of December 2020.
  • Restaurants: Catering establishments are temporarily closed, but the takeaway window can be open between 06:00 and 22:00, while home delivery is in function without time limits. 
  • Cultural institutions: Indefinitely: closed

Shop owners & tenants

  • A COVID – Rent program has been put in place and applies to all entities that have been banned from operating. Tenants whose shops have been closed will get 50% of Q3 rent as State Aid. Landlords need to sign an affidavit in which they confirm the existence of the lease during Q3, the amount of rent and that at least 50 % of the Q3 rent has been paid.

  • More details available here: https://www.mpo.cz/cz/rozcestnik/pro-media/tiskove-zpravy/opatreni-na-pomoc-podnikatelum-a-zivnostnikum–253690/

  • On the 24.02.2021, Commission approved the €115 million Czech rent compensation scheme to support retail businesses and service companies. The public support, which will take the form of direct grants, will cover 50% of the original rent due for the months of October, November and December 2020. The purpose of the scheme is to mitigate the sudden liquidity shortages that companies are facing due to the measures introduced by the Czech government to limit the spread of the coronavirus.   

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Businessmen who have had to close their premises since October as a result of the government decree will receive additional financial assistance from the state to the value of CZK 400 per employee. This was approved by the government on the 04.01.2021.

  • Support for closed premises will be provided in the form of a subsidy for operating costs, applied retrospectively to the period from 14.10.2020 to 10.01.2021, with the option that this final deadline may be extended if the epidemic situation continues to require the closure of these establishments; it will be paid out only for those days when business operations were directly restricted on the basis of the crisis measures, primarily through a ban on the presence of the public in premises, but also in other ways.

  • The first call of the subsidy programme named COVID – Gastro – Closed premises will have 2.5 billion crowns made available. Employees will include both those directly employed and any self-employed persons.

  • The Antivirus Program was introduced for the protection of employment. This program mainly consists of subsidies for wage payments, which are paid to the employees by the employers affected by COVID-19 and related government measures. The subsidies will be provided up to 100% of the wage compensation, up to the maximum amount of CZK 50,000 / month / employee, until the 29-02-2021.

  • On the 29.03.21, Commission approved a Czech scheme (‘COVID Invest’) for guarantees on new investment loans to support lending to companies affected by the coronavirus outbreak, as well as the modification of an existing scheme (‘COVID Plus’), which provides guarantees to large exporting companies. The ‘COVID Invest’ scheme will share its budget with an earlier scheme (‘COVID III’), which was approved by the Commission on 15 May 2020. These two measures can jointly generate loans with a nominal amount of up to approximately €19.3 billion (CZK 500 billion). The ‘COVID Invest’ scheme will provide guarantees on new investment loans to SMEs and large enterprises with up to 500 employees active in all sectors, excluding the financial sector as well as companies active in the extraction or manufacturing of coal, petroleum, or gas, tobacco manufacturing and retail sales, and, gambling and betting activities. The scheme will provide guarantees on loans addressing the liquidity needs of firms whose financial needs have increased significantly over the past year, including fast-growth companies, start-ups and scale-ups. The scheme will be managed by the Czech promotional bank (CMZRB).

Denmark

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Mandatory in most public areas including shopping centres
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Non-essential shops: From 13 April: Shopping malls, department stores and arcades with a maximum area up to 15,000sqm can reopen. From 21 April, even the largest stores can reopen.
  • Restaurants: Restaurants and cafes can open for outdoor dining, which will require corona passes (indoor dining with corona passes from 6 May).
  • Cultural institutions: Museums, art galleries and libraries will also open (with corona passes). Hairdressers and masseurs will be able to open from 6 April (customers must be able to show a corona pass).

Shop owners & tenants

  • Companies affected by restrictions in the period from November 1 to February 28, 2021 can apply for compensation. Here, the compensation period will depend on which restriction (s) the company is affected by. To seek compensation, the company must be able to document that one or more restrictions are the cause of a revenue loss.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • On 23 March 2021, the Commission approved, under EU state aid rules, a scheme of around €38.5 million to support Danish companies active in the culture sector and small non-professional sporting activities affected by the coronavirus outbreak. Under the scheme, the beneficiaries are eligible for grants and compensations for the losses incurred due to the restrictive measures set in place due to the pandemic.
  • Under the scheme, companies active in the culture sector and small non-professional sporting activities can receive a grant covering 50% of the ticket prices for activities taking place between 27 June and 9 August 2020, if they provided a 50% discount to their customers with respect to their prices on 15 June 2020. Companies organising summer camps offering culture or sports related activities to clients under 18 years old during the same period are eligible for a compensation of 25% of the participation fee if they granted a 25% discount on such fees to their customers.
  • Companies across the country can seek compensation for the period from December 9, 2020 to January 17, 2021. Companies affected by restrictions in the period from November 1 to February 28, 2021 can apply for compensation. Here, the compensation period will depend on which restriction (s) the company is affected by. To seek compensation, the company must be able to document that one or more restrictions are the cause of a revenue loss.

  • On the 05.03.2021, the European Commission approved the €34 million Danish tax deferral scheme to support small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) affected by the coronavirus outbreak. The public support will take the form of an interest-free credit facility concerning the payment of VAT due by SMEs in March 2021 ( i.e., the VAT due by small undertakings for their activities for the whole year 2020 and by medium-sized undertakings for the third and fourth quarters of 2020). The aim of the scheme is to ease the liquidity constraints faced by those SMEs that have been severely affected by the economic impact of the coronavirus outbreak, thus helping them to continue their activities.
  • Proposed initiatives introduced in the Danish parliament aim to strengthen the liquidity of the Danish business sector in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. There are measures to postpone the payment deadlines for “A-tax” and social security contributions for all businesses for a period of four and one-half months, extend “loan arrangements” (effectively, a refund of tax in the form of an interest-free loan) for the payment of A-tax for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and allow a similar value added tax (VAT) “loan arrangement” for SMEs.

France

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Masks are compulsory in enclosed public places. 
  • Curfew: A nightly curfew is currently in force in Metropolitan France. Between 19:00 and 6:00 you may leave your residence only for compelling reasons. From 3 April 2021, strengthened rules are extended to the whole continental territory of France for 4 weeks.
  • Home office: Indefinitely: Working from home recommended
  • Non-essential shops:Non-essential shops are closed.

  • Restaurants: Restaurants, bars and cafés are closed.

  • Cultural institutions: Cultural establishments, cinemas, theatres and museums are closed.

Shop owners & tenants

Announced on the 31.01.2021:

  • Closed businesses (in shopping centers) will benefit from the reinforced solidarity fund, with a right of option between compensation for loss of turnover up to €10,000 or compensation of 20% of turnover capped at €200,000 per month.
  • For network stores, particularly large integrated retailers for which the €200,000 compensation would be insufficient, the scheme to cover 70% of fixed costs will be open to them. This aid will enable shopkeepers to meet their rent and charges.
  • On 09.03.2021, the European Commission approved the €2 billion French scheme to further support all companies that will suffer a monthly turnover decline between January 2021 and November 2021 of at least 30% compared to the same period prior to the coronavirus outbreak. The aid will help the beneficiaries pay 70% (90% in case of micro and small companies) of their fixed costs that are not covered by revenues, up to a maximum of €10 million per undertaking. The purpose of the scheme is to mitigate the economic difficulties and the liquidity shortages that the beneficiaries are facing due to the restrictive measures that the French government had to impose by the French government to limit the spread of the coronavirus.

Restaurants

  • More than €10 billion have yet been dedicated to the F&B sector, through tax exoneration, 100% furlough scheme coverage, and up to 10k€/months can be deployed for each structure proving more than 50% loss of sales.

Culture

  • €385 million have been destined to support to the cultural sector.
  • Solidarity Fund: Businesses with fewer than 50 employees that are administratively closed will be able to receive monthly compensation for lost turnover of up to €10,000. For the month of December, administratively closed businesses will be able to access the Solidarity Fund regardless of their size: aid of up to €10,000 or compensation of 20% of their 2019 turnover. For all other businesses with fewer than 50 employees that can remain open but suffer a loss of more than 50% of their turnover, Solidarity Fund aid of up to €1,500 per month is restored in November and December.
  • Partial activity: For totally or partially closed businesses, all employees, including the head of the business if he is an employee, benefit from the partial activity scheme, with zero remaining at the expense of the business. Employees receive an indemnity of 84% of their net remuneration, with the State and Unédic paying the equivalent amount to the companies. For companies that are open but with a reduction in your activity: All employees benefit from the partial activity scheme, with zero remaining at the expense of the company for companies in the tourism, events, culture, sport or related sectors, with 10% remaining at the expense of the company in other sectors. The employee still receives 84% of his net remuneration.
  • Reinforcement and extension of exemptions from social security contributions: For companies with fewer than 50 employees that are administratively closed, if you are an employer, you will benefit over the period concerned from total exemption from your employer’s social security contributions, excluding supplementary pensions, as well as assistance with the payment of social security contributions of 20% of the wage bill.
  • Referral of social contributions: Employers may defer all or part of the payment of employee and employer contributions for the deadlines of 5 and 15 December 2020, simply by making a prior online request on the URSSAF website. If there is no response within 48 hours, this request will be considered as accepted. Contributions that are not paid are automatically deferred. The collection bodies (URSSAF, MSA funds) will contact employers at a later date to propose a plan for settling their debts.
  • A tax credit to reduce rents: The Government has proposed that a tax credit be introduced in the finance bill for 2021 to encourage landlords to cancel part of the rents due by their tenant businesses that are administratively closed or particularly affected by the health restrictions implemented. The Government has obtained a commitment from the main representatives of landlords to cancel rents from tenant companies for the month of November 2020.
  • Reinforcement of state-guaranteed loans and direct state loans to businesses: All businesses will be able to take out a state-guaranteed loan until 30 June 2021 by contacting their usual bank advisor. Repayment of the state-guaranteed loan may be spread over a further one to five years, with rates for small and medium-sized businesses negotiated with French banks ranging from 1 to 2.5%, including the state guarantee. Companies that so wish may request a further one-year deferment of capital repayment, i.e. a total of two years of deferment.

Germany

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • General note: Regulations may differ from federal state to federal state. Specific measures for each state are available here: https://tourismus-wegweiser.de/
  • Face masks are mandatory in all indoor public places. Surgical masks or FFP2 masks are required in public transport.
  • Curfew: Measures differ depending on the states and municipalities
  • Services: Several personal care services, such as hairdressers, can open under strict conditions. For some services a negative test result for COVID-19 is required.

  • Non-essential shops: Retail stores, with the exception of grocery stores and shops to meet daily needs, are closed. Book shops, garden centres and flowers shops can open. In areas where the infection rate is between 50 and 100 infections per 100 000 inhabitants in seven days, more shops are allowed to open, although under strict conditions (reserved time slot).

  • Restaurants: Restaurants, bars and cafés are closed (except for take-away).

  • Cultural institutions: In areas where the infection rate is beteween 50 and 100 infections per 100 000 inhabitants in seven days, museums, galeries and zoos can open under strict conditions. If the infection rate drops below 50 infections per 100 000 inhabitants in seven days, museums, galeries, and zoos can open with less restrictions.

On 31 December 2020 new legislation on commercial rent entered into effect, which makes clear that shutdowns and other governmental restrictions constitute contract frustration. However, the legislation does not answer the question whether and for what amount and for the benefit of which party – landlord or tenant – the lease can be amended, which is likely to lead to further debates in front of courts.

Shop owners & tenants

  • According to a law, which entered into force on 1 April, the non-payment of rents due for April, May and June 2020 does not entitle the landlord to terminate the lease until June 30, 2022, provided that the non-performance is due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although, the non-payment does not lead to a termination right of the landlord, the claim of the landlord for the payment of the rent remains in place.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • EUR 0.4 billion will support the cultural sector (assuming 40% of total EUR 1 bn allocated to 2020).

Between January and June 2021, the German government will deploy €130 billion under its “Überbrückungshilfe III” package to stabilise the economy:

  • Short-term aid (available since June 2020): €25 billion in grants are currently available which will not have to be repaid. On the 25.03.21, Germany extended its liquidity aid program for pandemic-hit companies until the end of year 2021. The government also decided to lift the upper limit for loans in the emergency program to a maximum of 1.8 million euros from April 1 to help also larger companies. The special loan program was launched in March 2020 and so far has channeled liquidity aid of 49 billion euros to mainly small- and medium-sized firms.
  • Extraordinary economic assistance: Companies affected are eligible for a one-off lump-sum payment of up to 75% of the revenue they generated in November 2019. A total of up to €10 billion is available for this purpose.
  • Extended tax loss carryback (to stay solvent despite revenue losses): For 2020 and 2021, the maximum basic amount will be upped to €5 million or, in the case of a joint assessment, to €10 million.
  • Reduction of the electricity surcharge: The federal government will be subsidising a reduction of the surcharge on electricity consumers: it will be 6.5 ct/kwh in 2021, and 6.0 ct/kwh in 2022.

More information available here: https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Web/EN/Issues/Priority-Issues/stimulus-package-for-everyone/stimulus-package-for-everyone.html#t-companies

German finance minister Olaf Scholz (SPD) has defended his €240 billion stimulus package as part of the budget consultations in the German parliament. The plan seeks to encourage economic recovery by supporting national businesses.

Greece

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: The use of face masks is mandatory both indoors and outdoors.
  • Curfew: A curfew is in place between 21:00 and 05:00. 
  • Services:Different restrictions apply in “red” and “yellow” areas (find out more at covid19.gov.gr/covid-map)

  • Non-essential shops: Different restrictions apply in “red” and “yellow” areas (find out more at covid19.gov.gr/covid-map)

  • Restaurants: Closed

  • Cultural institutions: Closed

Shop owners & tenants

  • Rental reduction: All leased premises are entitled to 40% discount on November’s.
    All residential premises leased by employees whose business was forced to shut down are entitled to 40% rental discount for the month of November.

  • The government will give directly to all employees of businesses that are forced to close, €800 net for the month of November. The businesses forced to be closed need to declare their employees and in return the government will cover their social security costs but they will not be able to let them go until 31 December 2020.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Employees, self-employed workers, businesses, and real estate owners affected by the pandemic will be the beneficiaries of cash assistance from the state in December. Benefits will be disbursed to workers on furlough, businesses will be paid the returnable advance while property owners will be paid half their losses from a mandatory rent reduction, ANA reports. For landlords, the government will pay out 50% of the losses they incurred through a mandatory 40% rent reduction, which will be paid directly into their accounts after they submit a statement of income loss via TAXISnet for November.
  • Concerning the Christmas bonus salary paid by private-sector employers, the state will pay businesses for the period that employees have been on furlough but not calculated on their nominal monthly salary but at a fixed rate of 534 euros.
  • On the 10.02.2021, the European Commission approved the €500 million Greek scheme to support small and medium-sized businesses. The aid will be open to SMEs active in all sectors except the financial, primary agriculture, tobacco and fisheries sectors, and will take the form of direct grants. The amount of the grants corresponds to the interests beneficiaries would have had to pay on existing loans for the months of January, February and March 2021. 
  • On 09.03.2021, the European Commission approved a €60 million Greek scheme to support micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (‘SMEs’). The measure is open to all sectors except the financial, primary agriculture, fishery and aquaculture sectors. The public support will take the form of direct grants. The objective of the measure is to help ensure sufficient working capital for SMEs affected by the coronavirus outbreak. The amount of the grant corresponds to 80% of working capital expenses for the reference year 2019 or 2020.

Hungary

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks Throughout Hungary, masks remain obligatory in many public locations such as public transport, stores, markets, shopping centres, cabs, as well as at events in closed rooms. There is a tendency for a general mask obligation. However, different local rules may apply.
  • Curfew: A curfew is in place from 22:00 to 5:00 and only movements for essential reasons are allowed.
  • Services: Open with restrictions
  • Non-essential shops: Stores can be open between 5:00 and 21:30, provided that a capacity of 1 customer/10 square metres is observed. 
  • Restaurants: Restaurants, cafes, bars and clubs are closed. Only take-out and delivery service us permitted. Factory canteens may be open
  • Cultural institutions: Museums, libraries, cinemas, zoos and similar leisure facilities are temporarily closed.

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Italy

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • General note: Regulations may differ according to the epidemiological level of each Italian Region.
  • Face masks: Mandatory in indoor public areas and public transport.
  • Curfew: The emergency state is in place until 31 July 2021. A national curfew is in place between 22:00 and 5:00.
  • Services: Hair salons and barbershops closed in ‘red’ zones. Laundry shops open. Gyms, swimming pools and ski resorts closed. Indoor and outdoor sport centres closed, and competitions prohibited in ‘red’ zones.

  • Non-essential shops: In low and medium-risk regions (yellow and orange), retail activities may continue upon the condition that, in addition to the interpersonal distance of at least 1 metre, a staggered entrance system for the public is ensured. On public holidays and pre-holidays, the commercial activities inside markets and shopping centres, shopping malls, commercial parks and other similar structures are closed, except for pharmacies, parapharmacies, sanitary facilities, laundries and dry cleaners, food, agricultural and floricultural product sales points, tobacconists, newsagents, and bookshops. In high-risk regions (red), retail activities are suspended,
  • Restaurants: : In low-risk regions (yellow), from 26 April 2021, in “yellow” areas, the activities of catering services with consumption at the table are allowed outdoors, for lunch and dinner, in compliance with the time restrictions to movement that are currently in force. In medium and high-risk Regions (orange and red), the activities of catering establishments are suspended. Catering with take-away and home delivery remains permitted until 22:00, in compliance with the hygiene and health regulations and with a ban on consumption in the location or nearby.
  • Cultural institutions: From 26 April 2021, in the “yellow” areas, events open to the public in theatres, concert halls, cinemas and other venues or spaces, even outdoors, are carried out exclusively with pre-assigned seats and provided that the interpersonal distance of at least one metre is respected.

Shop owners & tenants

  • EUR 1.5 billion worth of tax credit on rent, lease or concession of non-residential properties (60% per month) for SMEs.

Restaurants

  • EUR 2.4 billion in reduced taxes and contributions for all firms in severely affected sectors (including restaurants and bars) and all firms below €2 million, which include (a) suspension of VAT payments and contributions in March, (b) 60% tax break of on commercial rents, (c) 50% tax break for sanitization costs, (d) Deducibility of donations for Covid19, (e) Suspension of expiring tax payments demands and tax declarations.

Culture

  • EUR 0.25 billion in funds to support education and culture, including funds for additional teacher and endowments to the arts.

Stimulus package in place:

  • Recapitalization of large enterprises (€45 billion allocated) through convertible and/or subordinated loans (via new CDP fund “Patrimonio Rilancio”).
  • Deferred taxes and contributions (€10,7 billion) for all firms in severely affected sectors and all firms below €2 million.
  • Deferral of VAT payments (€4,6 billion) for April and May 2020. This deferral applies to companies with revenues below €50 million if their fall income is above 33% of their total income, or companies with revenue of more than €50 million if their fall in income is larger than 50% of their total income.
  • Keeping people employed as well as supporting the unemployed (€35.4 billion).

For 2021, Italy is currently considering a new stimulus package worth €24 billion.

On the 23.02.2021, Commission approved a €61.4 million Italian scheme to support private employers in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. The public support will take the form of an exemption from the payment of employers’ compulsory social security contributions (except for contributions to insurance for accidents at work), for a period of four weeks, until 31 January 2021. The scheme will be open to employers registered in Italy and active in all sectors, with the exclusion of the financial and agriculture sectors. 

Lithuania

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Mandatory in all public places
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services: Beauty or massage salons allowed to open.
  • Non-essential shops: Shops are allowed to open under certain conditions (e.g. having a direct access to outside) and with reduced capacity. The retailer must provide 20 square meters of space per customer.
  • Restaurants: Restaurants, bars and cafés are closed, except for take away or delivery. 

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Governments partially covered tenant payments, sharing the burden between landlords, tenants and government, based on fixed allocation percentages. Currently only applicable for the first wave of lock-downs. Second wave of lcokdowns on-going.

Luxembourg

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks are mandatory in indoor public areas and public transport.
  • Curfew: In place between 23:00 to 6:00.
  • Services: Sports facilities (indoor/outdoor) are open under strict sanitary conditions.
  • Non-essential shops: Since 11 January: Shops are open accompanied with strict sanitary rules.
  • Restaurants: From 7 April, restaurants, bars and cafes can welcome the public from 6AM to 6PM. Conditions include only outdoor seating is available, only seated places are allowed and consumption only allowed at a table, 2 people from the same household max. per table, tables at least 1.5m from one another or a barrier is in place, and masks required when not sat at a table.
  • Cultural institutions: Cultural institutions are open accompanied with strict sanitary rules.

Shop owners & tenants

  • No legislation or regulation been passed to suspend payment obligations. The government prefers to provide financial help to debtors rather than imposing payment suspensions.

  • A bill of law tabled by several deputies aims to suspend the obligation to pay rent that is due or will become due under commercial or professional leases for the duration of the state of crisis. This bill of law aims to deprive the lessor of the right of termination with respect to non-payment of rent due or set to fall due during the period of the state of crisis, to establish the possibility for both parties to the lease contract to revise downwards the rent due during the state of crisis or the possibility for the lessor to waive the rent in question. To date, this bill of law is still under discussion by the Chamber of Deputies; however it is likely that it will not be adopted.

Restaurants & Culture

  • Assistance for uncovered costs was initially intended for the tourism, hotel and catering, events, culture and entertainment sectors and for managers of continuing vocational training organisations. It will be allocated in the form of monthly capital grants calculated on the basis of uncovered costs to companies which, during all or part of the period between 1 November 2020 and 30 March 2021, will have suffered a loss of monthly turnover of at least 40% compared to the corresponding month of the year 2019. The maximum assistance available is 70% of the non-covered eligible costs for medium and large enterprises and 90% of uncovered eligible costs for micro and small businesses. The amount cannot exceed €20,000 per month for a microenterprise, €100,000 per month for a small business and €200,000 per month for a medium or large business.

Netherlands

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Everyone aged 13 and over must wear a face mask in indoor public spaces and on public transport.
  • Curfew: Country-wide lockdown with curfew between 22:00 and 4:30.
  • Services: Supermarkets, drugstores, greengrocers and petrol stations remain open. Ban on alcohol sale after 20:00. All contact professions (except sex workers) allowed. Indoor sports facilities closed (except swimming lessons for children up to and including 12 years old), and competitions prohibited.
  • Non-essential shops: Non-essential shops can offer a pick-up point outdoors, and are allowed to host customers by appointment.
  • Restaurants: Establishments serving food and drink may only provide a takeaway or delivery service.
  • Cultural institutions: Museums, theatres, cinemas, amusement parks, and zoos are closed. Libraries are open with limited capacity and services.

Shop owners & tenants

  • TVL Stock Support Closed Retail: retail businesses that have had to close their doors during the lockdown of 15 December – 19 January, and that have applied for TVL, will receive a supplement for the stock they have been unable to sell.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • The government allots €454 million to providing extra support for cultural organisations and events.
  • There are several economic support measures in place for businesses affected by the corona crisis. Measures such as NOW, Tozo and TVL will continue to be expanded and amended as seen fit by the government. Businesses and self-employed professionals who have been hit hard by the recent measures will continue to receive support.
  • NOW3: Employers with more than 20% turnover loss can apply for the Temporary Emergency Bridging Measure for Sustained Employment to receive compensation of their employees’ wages from October 2020 – July 2021.
    Tozo3 and 4: Self-employed professionals can apply for Tozo, the temporary benefit to bridge the loss of income over the months October 2020 – July 2021 in the municipality where they live. Check with your municipality how to apply.
    TVL: The Reimbursement Fixed Costs Scheme for SMEs and self-employed professionals aims to compensate SMEs for fixed costs other than wage costs.
  • On 16 March 2021, the Commission validated subsequent modifications to a scheme aimed at supporting small and medium-sized enterprises. The measure originally addressed to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that lost at least 30% of their turnover in the period from January to March 2021 compared to the same period in 2019. Following the amendment, the measure will (i) be extended to large enterprises and (ii) its overall budget will increase of around €2 billion (the original budget of that sub-measure was estimated at €970 million). In particular, the beneficiaries will be eligible to receive support ranging from a minimum of €1500 to a maximum of €600,000 for large enterprises and €550,000 for SMEs.

Poland

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Mandatory in public places across the country.
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services: Beauty salons and hairdressers are closed. Depending on the infection rates, beauty salons and hairdressers can open from 26 April in some regions.
  • Non-essential shops: Shopping centers and malls are open. A strict sanitary regime is in place and customer capacity may be limited.
  • Restaurants: Restaurants remain closed. It is only possible to provide take-away and delivery services.
  • Cultural institutions: Art galleries, museums and libraries can open under a strict sanitary regime. Theaters, cinemas, operas and community centers can open at 50% of their capacity.

Shop owners & tenants

  • During the period of prohibition of certain activities in shopping centers of more than 2,000 sqm of sales area (which was in place at the beginning of the pandemic and again starting from November 7, 2020), the mutual rights and obligations of the tenants and landlords affected by such prohibitions expired (which in particular means that no rents are payable during that period).
  • Until June 30, 2020, the landlord could not terminate a lease or a rent amount under the lease, except if the tenant violated the provisions on permitted use or the building in which the premises are located has to be demolished or renovated.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

The anti-crisis shield 4.0 was signed by the President on 23 June. The main purpose of the act is to protect Polish enterprises, jobs and consumers against the negative effects of COVID-19. The new act includes the following updates:

  • Temporary, increased protection of Polish companies against hostile takeovers by investors from outside Europe and OECD
  • Financial support for local governments between June and December 2020 (for example relaxation of fiscal rules, doubling of the shares of counties (powiaty) in revenues from the state treasury companies)

From Nov 6th, fiscal stimulus aimed at supporting covid-impacted businesses proposes to co-finance 70% of fixed costs not covered by revenue, and subsidies to leasing costs and business.

More information can be accessed here:
https://polen.um.dk/da/eksportraadet/coronavirus-and-the-economy/

Poland announced its Financial Shield 2.0 stimulus package in late 2020, estimated to be between 35 billion and 40 billion Polish Zloty (between 9 billion and 10.5 billion U.S. dollars), aimed to help 40 sectors particularly impacted by the second wave of the COVID-19. Businesses active in, among others, transport, retail, tourism and gastronomy, can apply for funds needed to pay employees and avoid bankruptcy.

On the 11/03/2021, European Commission approved a €1.1 billion Polish scheme to support companies in various sectors affected by the coronavirus outbreak. The scheme will apply to the whole territory of the Poland and consists of four measures. In particular:
– The second measure, with an estimated budget of €215 million (PLN 964 million), will be open to SMEs and large companies active in several sectors, such as retail sale, restaurants and entertainment. The aid will take the form of direct grants of up to €928 (PLN 4,160) per beneficiary that experienced a decrease in operating income of at least 40% compared to a reference period set out in the scheme.
– The third measure, with an estimated budget of €300 million (PLN 1.4 billion), will be open to micro and small entrepreneurs active in several sectors, such as retail sale, restaurants and entertainment. The aid will take the form of direct grants of up to €1,116 (PLN 5,000) per beneficiary;
– The fourth measure, with an estimated budget of €400 million (PLN 1.9 billion), will be open to SMEs and large companies active in several sectors, such as retail sale, restaurants and entertainment. The aid will take the form of exemptions from social security contributions between 1 December 2020 or 1 January 2021 and 31 January 2021 for beneficiaries that experienced a decrease in operating income of at least 40% compared to a reference period set out in the scheme.

Portugal

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Mandatory in indoor venues (such as pharmacies, hospitals or supermarkets
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services:Hairdressers and nail salons can operate by prior appointment only. Spas and health centres are closed.
  • Non-essential shops: Food stores should close at 21.00 on weekdays and at 19.00 on weekends and holidays. No more than 5 people are allowed per 100 square meters. Non-essential stores up to 200 square meters with direct outdoor access can also open. All non-essential shops can offer delivery services and provide pick-up points (click and collect). Non-food shops are obliged to close at 21.00 on weekdays, and at 13.00 on weekends and holidays.
  • Restaurants:

    From 19 April, measures in the continental territory of Portugal depend on the incidence rate of each county, according to the following thresholds:

    • Level 1: municipalities that, for the second consecutive fortnightly evaluation, have an incidence rate of more than 240 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days
    • Level 2: municipalities that, for the second consecutive fortnightly evaluation, have an incidence rate of more than 120 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days
    • Level 3: municipalities with an incidence rate below 120 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days
  • Cultural institutions: Heritage sites, musems, cultural institutions and libraries can open with safety measures in place (cinemas and theatres are closed).

Shop owners & tenants

  • Suspension of rents for vulnerable households and cash-strapped small firms during the coronavirus outbreak. The measure suspends rents until a month after the state of emergency ends. After that, renters are expected to repay what they owe in monthly installments for up to a year.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Council of Ministers’ decision no. 41/2020 sets up the Program for economic and social stabilisation (“Programa de Estabilização Económica e Social” or “PEES”). Measures include exemptions and reductions of employer’s Social Security contributions, simplifications of public administration procedures or payment in instalments of tax and Social Security debts.
  • On 02.03.2021, the European Commission approved the €15 million Portuguese scheme to support micro, small and medium-sized enterprises with head offices or permanent establishments in the region of the Azores. The scheme, called ‘Apoiar.PT Açores –4ºT 2020′, will take the form of direct grants. The scheme will be open to companies that have experienced a 25% fall in turnover in the last quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The aid will correspond to 20% of the lost turnover, with a maximum amount of €5,000 for micro companies, €20,000 for small companies and €50,000 for medium-sized ones. Micro and small companies active in certain specific sectors and which declare a turnover decline of more than 50% will receive direct grants equal to 40% of the fall in turnover, with a maximum aid amount of €12,000 for micro-companies and €48,000 for small ones.
  • On the 31.03.21, Commission approved the €500 million Portuguese top-up insurance scheme to support domestic trade credit. Trade credit insurance protects companies supplying goods and services against the risk of non-payment by their clients. In Portugal, given the uncertainties caused by the prolonged economic impact of the coronavirus outbreak, private insurers became more reluctant to offer sufficient insurance coverage to sellers. By supplementing the private insurance cover, the Portuguese scheme ensures that trade credit insurance continues to be available to all companies, avoiding the need for buyers of goods or services to pay in advance, therefore reducing their immediate liquidity needs.

  • On the 06.04.21, Commission approved the €35 million Portuguese scheme to support companies in Azores region. Under the scheme, the public support will take the form of direct grants. The scheme will be open to companies of all sizes active in the Azores, at the condition that they have maintained jobs in the region and that they have paid back the loans they previously received under the schemes that the Commission approved in April 2020 and December 2020. More specifically, the aid will only be granted if the applicant can prove that it has maintained, each month until 30 June 2021, a certain proportion of the level of employment compared to the one recorded in September 2020. The maximum amount of the aid shall not exceed the lower of the following two limits: (i) €750,000 per individual company or €1 million per group of companies belonging to the same group; and (ii) the amount of the loans received from the existing credit lines.

Romania

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks: Mandatory to wear inside public places & outside
  • Curfew: There is a night curfew in place between 20.00 or 22.00 and 05.00 (depending on infection rates).
  • Services: Gyms and beauty salons can operate between 05.00 and 21.00 with special protective measures in place.
  • Non-essential shops: Stores open from 5:00-21:00.
  • Restaurants: Restaurants are open, with capacity usage varying based on number of cases/thousand inhabitants in their respective cities.
  • Cultural institutions: Museums, art galleries and cinemas can operate if they respect certain sanitary conditions and (in the case of cinemas) the incidence rate in the country is not over 3/1000 inhabitants.

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

A state aid scheme aimed to support retailers was submitted to the European Commission for approval, proposing a grant for 50% of the rent due between mid-March and mid-June 2020 (the first wave lockdown)

Serbia

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face masks are mandatory in all indoor and outdoor public places.
  • No curfew in place

FFollowing the recommendation of the Government of Serbia, the following additional measures are in effect:

  • All businesses and services that are allowed to work, may operate from 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
  • Cafes, bars, and restaurants with gardens or patios may operate only outdoors with strict observation of all epidemiological measures, including a limit of five people per table with a mandatory two-meter distance between tables.  Live music performances in gardens and patios are not allowed.
  • Cafes, bars, and restaurants without gardens and patios remain closed, but may sell take-away food and drinks over the counter. Delivery services may be provided 24-hours a day.
  • All operating facilities must provide a minimum of 9 m2 per person. Exceptions are fitness centers, spa centers, gyms, and similar facilities which must provide 16 m2 per person.  This number includes the staff at these businesses.
  • Pharmacies, gas stations, laboratories, medical and veterinarian offices may remain open 24 hours, seven days a week.

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Slovakia

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face Masks: Wearing face masks mandatory in public (i.e., in exteriors), in interiors, public transport. 
  • Curfew:A curfew is in place from 20:00 to 01:00.
  • Services: From 19 April, swimming pools can reopen for no more than 6 people, also with the condition of a negative test result no older than 7 days.
  • Non-essential shops:Maximum 1 customer per 15 m2 is allowed. Customers must show a negative Covid test result no older than 7 days.
  • Restaurants: closed, take away possible.
  • Cultural institutions: From 19 April, museums will reopen for visitors with a negative test result no older than 7 days, with one person per 15 square metres. Libraries will reopen with a limit of 6 people.

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Employers (including self-employed persons employing others) who had to close their operations due to the decision of the Slovak Public Health Authority may apply for a contribution to the wage compensation of their employees. The amount of the contribution is 80% of the total price of work, up to EUR 1100.
  • Employers (including self-employed persons employing others) who retain jobs even in the event of interruption or limitation of their activities during a declared emergency situation may apply for a contribution to the wage of their employees. The contribution can be provided either in the form of an employee’s wage compensation of up to 80% of the total price of work, up to EUR 1100, or as a lump-sum allowance to cover part of the wage costs for each employee (EUR 270 – 810). The employer can choose only one of the options for the whole period of the contribution.

Spain

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face Masks: compulsory indoors and outdoors.
  • Curfew: National curfew in place between 23:00 and 6:00 (although it can be extended or reduced by one hour, currently in most of the regions the curfew goes from 22:00 until 6:00)
  • Services:Small businesses (as hairdressers) are open by appointment.
  • Non-essential shops: Non-essential shops are open with capacity restrictions.
  • Restaurants: Many restaurants, bars and cafés have limited opening hours. Depending on the local situation, services can be cancelled completely, except for home delivery and take-away. Social distancing of 1.5 metres at the bar is mandatory and tables should at least be 1.5 metres apart. For restaurants, in general, a maximum of 10 guests is allowed per table. 
  • Cultural institutions: Autonomous Regions are the competent authorities regulating access to these places. If cultural establishments are open, visitors will be registered and asked to sign an affidavit stating that they are aware of and accept the health and hygiene measures. Also, routes will be designed to facilitate social distancing and the use of outdoor spaces is encouraged.

Shop owners & tenants

At local level in Catalonia :

  • Trade aid plan – Consorcio de Comercio, Artesanía y Moda de Catalunya, with a total of 7 lines of aid to help mitigate the crisis caused by Covid-19, 5 of them related to commerce below.
  • Support program for representative entities of the commercial sector: support for the most representative entities of the commercial sector that have a proven territorial representation or entities that group multisectoral entrepreneurs.
  • Support program for the associative network of commerce, crafts and fashion: promoting the Support Program for associations defined in the framework of the 20/21 Commerce Agenda, responding to the COVID-19 health crisis in the commerce, crafts and fashion in Catalonia.
  • Support program for municipalities in the field of commerce and crafts: In the field of commerce, creation of a Plan for the occupation of empty premises and the Program to promote areas of special interest, to achieve the opening of empty premises in defined and determined areas, stimulate trade and attract commercial supply.
  • Program for the reactivation of commerce: with the aim of reactivating commerce in the face of the effects caused by the declaration of the state of alarm on March 14, subsidies were provided for self-employed professionals and companies of retail trade and services of establishments at the foot of street and municipal market stalls.
  • Investment support program for the new establishment of businesses and commercial improvement of establishments: support to boost commerce through recovery projects for empty premises located in the consolidated urban fabric of municipalities or in historic neighborhoods, and for reduce the number of trips within towns and cities by installing collection systems in establishments (“Click & Collect”)

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Actions at national level

Tax on Digital Services

  • The Tax on Certain Digital Services, approved by the Government and the Courts, levies the provision of certain digital services. Specifically, these are digital services in relation to which there is a user participation that constitutes a contribution to the value creation process of the company that provides the services, and through which the company monetizes those user contributions.
  • The tax rate is 3% and is applied to three concepts: the provision of online advertising services; online intermediation services; and the sale of data generated from information provided by the user.
  • The sale of goods or services between users in the framework of an online intermediation service is excluded; and the sales of goods or services contracted online through the website of the supplier of those goods or services in which the supplier does not act as an intermediary.

The General State Budget project announces the “Selective control and investigation actions” in relation to electronic commerce

  • The logistics activities linked to electronic commerce are interesting both for their taxation and to the extent that they serve as catalysts for the activity of other national operators that, from these platforms, achieve large commercial penetrations, not always accompanied by correct taxation, for which is necessary to carry out the corresponding control actions.
On the 19.02.2021, European Commission approved the modification of the existing Spanish ‘umbrella’ scheme to support the economy. Spain notified the following modifications to the scheme: (i) an amendment that allows the provision of limited amounts of aid through financial intermediaries; and (ii) a new measure to support the uncovered fixed costs of companies affected by the coronavirus outbreak. Under the new measure, the public support will take the form of direct grants, tax and payment advantages, repayable advances, guarantees, loans and equity. The measure will be accessible to companies of all sizes active in all sectors, excluding the financial one. 
 

Actions at the local level (specific for Barcelona city)

“Amazon” rate in Barcelona (pending on processing and approval)

  • The Barcelona City Council has recently stated that it wants to introduce a tax on those electronic commerce platforms that operate in Barcelona without, in its opinion, paying taxes to the city. The Consistory is preparing a preliminary report that would tax said platforms by occupation of public space. The main target seems to be Amazon, but naturally it would also affect other e-commerce platforms. In addition, there is a clear majority in the plenary session of the Barcelona City Council for a proposal of these characteristics to prosper.

 

Sweden

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face Masks: No general requirement to wear in public places
  • Curfew: N/A
  • Services: Personal care services are open, taking into account required precautions.
  • Non-essential shops:Most shops and stores are open, but may have reduced opening hours and limits to the number of customers allowed. Make sure to maintain a safe distance from other people.
  • Restaurants:Restaurants, bars and cafés are open with the following conditions: No crowding is allowed. Guests must respect physical distancing. From 24/12, maximum 4 people per table;
    Food and drinks must be served at the table; Guests must always eat their food while seated at a table; Takeaway food can be purchased, as long as no crowding occurs. From 24/12, bars and restaurants are not allowed to serve alcohol after 20:00.
  • Cultural institutions: Many museums and theatres are closed but open-air alternatives may be open 

Shop owners & tenants

  • A rent support system has been set up, with the lessor for 50% of the reduction granted (up to a limit of 25% of the initial total rent), for sectors identified as affected by health measures (restaurants, shops, health, welfare, etc.), for an amount less than or equal to 800,000 euros per lessor. This aid is thus conditional on the lessor’s consent to a reduction in the rent.
  • On the 06.04.21, Commission approved modification of Swedish rent rebate scheme to support sectors affected by coronavirus outbreak. The existing scheme was approved by the Commission on 15 April 2020 and prolonged in February 2021. Sweden notified the following modifications to the scheme: (i) an increase in the budget, from approximately €453 million (SEK 5 billion) to approximately €795 million (SEK 8 billion); and (ii) the extension of the measure to cover up to 50% of rent reductions costs negotiated between landlords and tenants until 31 May 2021, for the rental period between 1 January and 31 March 2021.

Restaurants

  • Business subsidy-schemes such as short-term layoffs and revenue support have been put in place.

  • Short-term layoff schemes will continue to at least June 2021.

Culture

  • N/A
  • On the 12.02.2021, Commission approved an approximately €1.4 billion Swedish scheme to support the uncovered fixed costs of companies affected by the coronavirus outbreak (except the financial sector). The scheme covers three eligible periods: August–October 2020, November–December 2020, and January–February 2021. The aid will be granted to companies that suffered a turnover decline exceeding 40% in the period August-October 2020 or 30% in each of the periods November-December 2020 and January-February 2021, compared to the same periods in 2019. The beneficiaries will receive grants covering up to 70% of their uncovered fixed costs during the eligible periods. In the case of micro and small enterprises, the grants will cover up to 75% of the uncovered fixed costs with regard to the period August-October 2020, or 90% in the other periods.
  • Some liquidity supports are also prolonged (postponement of tax payments)
  • Ability to put staff on partial activation is prolonged and can be used up to 80%. This has limited impact for retail since business is still in operation.

Turkey

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • General remarks: On March 1, the Turkish government announced a four-tier system on local COVID-19 related restrictions. Provinces are now divided into 4 different risk groups: low (blue), medium (yellow), high (orange), and very high (red) based on infection and vaccination rates.  To view the map, please visit the following page: https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/
  • Face masks: The wearing of masks is mandatory in all public areas
  • Curfew: Nightly curfew between 21:00 and 5:00, Monday to Friday. Weekend daytime curfews have been lifted for regions in the “low” and “middle” category, however, there will be a curfew between 9PM and 5AM on Saturdays and Sundays, the same as the weekday curfew listed above
  • Non-essential shops: Shopping malls, supermarkets, barbers and hairdressers will only be open for service during the hours of 07:00-19:00.  
  • Restaurants: Dining establishments (restaurants, patisseries, cafes, and cafeterias) will be open for in-person dining at half capacity nationwide between 07:00 and 19:00, excluding “very high”-risk regions. A HES code is required to enter these dining establishments.  
  • Cultural institutions: Movie theaters, soccer fields, and similar facilities are open for regions in the low and middle category. 

Shop owners & tenants

  • N/A

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A
  • Companies with cash flow disruptions can delay payment of principal and interest on their bank loan for at least 3 months and additional financial support will be offered if necessary. Craftsmen and related workers financed by the public bank Halkbank and whose activity is very slowed down can defer the payment of principal and interest on their loans for the months of April, May and June for 3 months and without interest. The three public banks Ziraat, Halk and Vakif have announced measures allowing companies and individuals to defer the repayment of their loan instalments (principal and interest). Employers will also be able to benefit from an increase in their loan limit, up to 3 months of salary payments to their employees, provided that they do not lay off their staff.
  • Limit of the Credit Guarantee Fund (Kredi Garanti Fonu) increased from TRY 25bn (EUR 3bn) to TRY 50bn (EUR 7bn). Companies and SMEs that have liquidity needs and do not benefit from loan guarantees because of the current situation will be given priority to benefit from the interventions of this fund. An omnibus law provides that the TFV Sovereign Fund may buy or take stakes in strategic companies in difficulty due to the health situation. Revision of the SME support scheme of the KOSGEB (the Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Development Agency). A three-month deferral of the repayment of loans granted to some 136,000 SMEs under the KOSGEB support programmes (TRY 713 million or almost EUR 100 million). The deferral will be made automatically, without the need to apply for it. Repayments may also be deferred in the event that the crisis situation continues.

UK

Last updated on 23/04/2021

  • Face Masks: Masks required in indoor settings where social distancing is difficult (e.g., shops, places of worship, public transport) and when you come into contact with people you don’t meet normally.
  • Curfew: None in England, Scotland or Wales.
  • Home office: From 21 June, return to normal.
  • Non-essential shops: Open with restrictions
  • Restaurants: On Monday 26 April, outdoor hospitality, including cafes, pubs and restaurants will be allowed to reopen. From 17 May, pubs, restaurants and cafes can open indoors.
  • Cultural institutions: From Monday 3 May, gyms, leisure centres and fitness facilities can reopen. From 13 May, cinemas, theatres and museums can reopen

Shop owners & tenants

Restaurants

  • £11.8 billion for a 12-month business rates holiday for all retail, hospitality, leisure and nursery businesses.

Culture

  • £0.27 billion in loan support for the cultural sector
  • Government loans and grants: measures in support of payment of employees, taxed, business rates relief, support for small, medium and large businesses; VAT deferral.
  • A previously announced emergency help for the economy worth £280 billion, including a massive job protection scheme that will run until the end of April.
  • On 5 January 2021, the British government offered a £4,6 billion support package for businesses.

UKRAINE

Last updated on 12/03/2021

Starting from the 24th of February, 2021 until 30th of April, 2021, adaptive quarantine is introduced in Ukraine which means introduction of levels of epidemig danger of Covid-19 spread (green, yellow, orange and red levels).
As a general rule a “yellow” level is set all over the territory of Ukraine within which it is restricted:

  • stay in public buildings and structures, public transport without wearing personal protective equipment, including respirators or protective masks;
  • conducting mass (cultural, sports, entertainment, social, religious, advertising, scientific, educational, professional thematic and other) events with the participation of more than one person per 4 square meters of building or territory (if the event is held outdoors) or the occupancy of more than 50 percent of the seats in each separate room;
  • transportation in passenger transport more passengers than the number of seats;
  • accommodation in restaurants more than 4 adults at one table and when the distance between the tables is less than 2 meters;
  • work of public catering establishments from 23:00 to 7:00 (except delivery);

Higher lever of danger can be introduced in case of worsening of the epidemiological situation in the region. For now the “red” level of danger is introduced only in four regions in Ukraine.

Starting from the 24th of February, 2021 until 30th of April, 2021, it is restricted:

  • operation of cinemas and cultural institutions with more than 50% of seats in one hall;
  • accommodation in restaurants more than 4 adults at one table and when the distance between the tables is less than 2 meters;
  • work of gyms and fitness centers, if there is more than one person per 10 sq.m.;

Shop owners & tenants

  • If leased premises cannot be used or utilized at all due to COVID-19 circumstances, the tenant does not have to pay rent for the duration and to the extent to which the premises is unable to be used.

Restaurants

  • N/A

Culture

  • N/A

Minor financial help for the entrepreneurs, which were mostly affected by the COVID-19 circumstances

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If you notice inaccuracies on the measures indicated, or if you would like to share further information with ECSP, please contact info@ecsp.eu